The Andean Baroque Route In Cusco

  • April 19, 2021
  • admin

The Andean Baroque route is made up of 4 temples: the Society of Jesus, the chapel of the Purified Virgin of Canincunca, San Juan Bautista de Huaro and San Pedro Apóstol de Andahuaylillas. If you are a lover of art, architecture and history, this is the perfect tour for you.

WHAT IS THE ANDEAN BAROQUE?

The Andean Baroque is an artistic movement that was born in the Andes of Peru during the Viceroyalty of Peru between the years 1680 and 1780. This artistic movement was made up of mestizo and indigenous artists and focused on the architectural works of the churches. The evangelizing objective of the different religious missions generated this type of art mainly in territories such as Quito, Cusco, Arequipa and Puno.

The main characteristics of the Andean baroque are the abundance of themes typical of the Andean worldview such as the sun and the moon, which made up the 2 Inca gods. In addition, there are many decorations based on animals such as the puma, the snake, the vizcacha, among others. The Andean Baroque is a mixture of the religious themes and mythology of the Andean culture.

The Andean baroque circuit:

The Andean Baroque route is a historical and artistic excursion promoted by the Society of Jesus. This circuit begins in the Temple of the Company of Jesus, in the city of Cusco. Then we visit the Church of San Pedro Apóstol de Andahuaylillas, known as the Sistine Chapel of America. Finally, the circuit ends at the Chapel of the Purified Virgin of Canincunca.

Temple of the Society of Jesus:

The Andean Baroque Route begins at the Temple of the Society of Jesus located in the Plaza de Armas in Cusco. This temple was built in 1576 over the Inca temple Amaru Cancha. The façade is made of carved stone, it has 2 large towers and 2 attached chapels, its altar is carved in wood and lined with gold leaf. The plant of the church is in the form of a Latin cross and inside we can see representative sculptures of the Andean Baroque and paintings of the Cuzco school.

Church of San Pedro Apóstol de Andahuaylillas:

This temple is located 39 kilometers from the city of Cusco, it was built in 1610 on the initiative of the parish priest Juan Pérez de Bocanegra. It is known by the name of the Sistine Chapel of America due to the quality of the engravings on its ceiling. Inside we can find paintings from the Cusco school and they are all framed in gold leaf. Among the works that stand out the most we can find the Baptism of Christ and La Virgen del Rosario by the Cusco artist Diego Quispe Tito. This temple has two beautifully painted organs that are considered the oldest in Latin America.

Temple of San Juan Bautista de Huaro:

This temple is located in Huaro 43 kilometers from the city of Cusco and was built at the end of the 16th century. It has works from the Cusco school, most of them made by the Cusco painter Tadeo Escalante. Among his main works we find the Sagrada Familia, the scene of the Last Judgment and the mural of hell, all these paintings are characterized by covering all the walls and ceilings. Another important detail to highlight is that its walls and ceilings contain details in gold leaf.

Chapel of the Purified Virgin of Canincunca:

This Chapel is located on an old Wari center, next to the Urcos lagoon, and was built in the seventeenth century. This chapel consists of a single nave, its walls are decorated with paintings with floral themes, animals and geometric designs.

In 1974, this church was recognized as a Cultural Heritage of the Nation due to its relevance to national history.


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